You've read the reviews and digested the key feature enhancements and
operational changes. Now it's time to delve a bit deeper and uncover some of
Windows XP's secrets.
1. It boasts how long it can stay up. Whereas previous versions of Windows were
coy about how long they went between boots, XP is positively proud of its
stamina. Go to the Command Prompt in the Accessories menu from the All Programs
start button option, and then type 'systeminfo'. The computer will produce a lot
of useful info, including the uptime. If you want to keep these, type 'systeminfo
> info.txt'. This creates a file called info.txt you can look at later with
Notepad. (Professional Edition only).
2. You can delete files immediately, without having them move to the Recycle Bin
first. Go to the Start menu, select Run... and type 'gpedit.msc'; then select
User Configuration, Administrative Templates, Windows Components, Windows
Explorer and find the Do not move deleted files to the Recycle Bin setting. Set
it. Poking around in gpedit will reveal a great many interface and system
options, but take care -- some may stop your computer behaving as you wish.
(Professional Edition only).
3. You can lock your XP workstation with two clicks of the mouse. Create a new
shortcut on your desktop using a right mouse click, and enter 'rundll32.exe
user32.dll,LockWorkStation' in the location field. Give the shortcut a name you
like. That's it -- just double click on it and your computer will be locked. And
if that's not easy enough, Windows key + L will do the same.
4. XP hides some system software you might want to remove, such as Windows
Messenger, but you can tickle it and make it disgorge everything. Using Notepad
or Edit, edit the text file /windows/inf/sysoc.inf, search for the word 'hide'
and remove it. You can then go to the Add or Remove Programs in the Control
Panel, select Add/Remove Windows Components and there will be your prey, exposed
5. For those skilled in the art of DOS batch files, XP has a number of
interesting new commands. These include 'eventcreate' and 'eventtriggers' for
creating and watching system events, 'typeperf' for monitoring performance of
various subsystems, and 'schtasks' for handling scheduled tasks. As usual,
typing the command name followed by /? will give a list of options -- they're
all far too baroque to go into here.
6. XP has IP version 6 support -- the next generation of IP. Unfortunately this
is more than your ISP has, so you can only experiment with this on your LAN.
Type 'ipv6 install' into Run... (it's OK, it won't ruin your existing network
setup) and then 'ipv6 /?' at the command line to find out more. If you don't
know what IPv6 is, don't worry and don't bother.
7. You can at last get rid of tasks on the computer from the command line by
using 'taskkill /pid' and the task number, or just 'tskill' and the process
number. Find that out by typing 'tasklist', which will also tell you a lot about
what's going on in your system.
8. XP will treat Zip files like folders, which is nice if you've got a fast
machine. On slower machines, you can make XP leave zip files well alone by
typing 'regsvr32 /u zipfldr.dll' at the command line. If you change your mind
later, you can put things back as they were by typing 'regsvr32 zipfldr.dll'.
9. XP has ClearType -- Microsoft's anti-aliasing font display technology -- but
doesn't have it enabled by default. It's well worth trying, especially if you
were there for DOS and all those years of staring at a screen have given you the
eyes of an astigmatic bat. To enable ClearType, right click on the desktop,
select Properties, Appearance, Effects, select ClearType from the second
drop-down menu and enable the selection. Expect best results on laptop displays.
If you want to use ClearType on the Welcome login screen as well, set the
registry entry HKEY_USERS/.DEFAULT/Control Panel/Desktop/FontSmoothingType to 2.
10. You can use Remote Assistance to help a friend who's using network address
translation (NAT) on a home network, but not automatically. Get your pal to
email you a Remote Assistance invitation and edit the file. Under the RCTICKET
attribute will be a NAT IP address, like 192.168.1.10. Replace this with your
chum's real IP address -- they can find this out by going to www.whatismyip.com
-- and get them to make sure that they've got port 3389 open on their firewall
and forwarded to the errant computer.
11. You can run a program as a different user without logging out and back in
again. Right click the icon, select Run As... and enter the user name and
password you want to use. This only applies for that run. The trick is
particularly useful if you need to have administrative permissions to install a
program, which many require. Note that you can have some fun by running programs
multiple times on the same system as different users, but this can have
12. Windows XP can be very insistent about you checking for auto updates,
registering a Passport, using Windows Messenger and so on. After a while, the
nagging goes away, but if you feel you might slip the bonds of sanity before
that point, run Regedit, go to HKEY_CURRENT_USER/Software/Microsoft/Windows/Current
Version/Explorer/Advanced and create a DWORD value called Enable Balloon Tips with
a value of 0.
13. You can start up without needing to enter a user name or password. Select
Run... from the start menu and type 'control userpasswords2', which will open
the user accounts application. On the Users tab, clear the box for Users Must
Enter A User Name And Password To Use This Computer, and click on OK. An
Automatically Log On dialog box will appear; enter the user name and password
for the account you want to use.
14. Internet Explorer 6 will automatically delete temporary files, but only if
you tell it to. Start the browser, select Tools / Internet Options... and
Advanced, go down to the Security area and check the box to Empty Temporary
Internet Files folder when browser is closed.
15. XP comes with a free Network Activity Light, just in case you can't see the
LEDs twinkle on your network card. Right click on My Network Places on the
desktop, then select Properties. Right click on the description for your LAN or
dial-up connection, select Properties, then check the Show icon in notification
area when connected box. You'll now see a tiny network icon on the right of your
task bar that glimmers nicely during network traffic.
16. The Start Menu can be leisurely when it decides to appear, but you can speed
things along by changing the registry entry HKEY_CURRENT_USER/Control
Panel/Desktop/MenuShowDelay from the default 400 to something a little snappier.
17. You can rename loads of files at once in Windows Explorer. Highlight a set
of files in a window, then right click on one and rename it. All the other files
will be renamed to that name, with individual numbers in brackets to distinguish
them. Also, in a folder you can arrange icons in alphabetised groups by View,
Arrange Icon By... Show In Groups.
18. Windows Media Player will display the cover art for albums as it plays the
tracks -- if it found the picture on the Internet when you copied the tracks
from the CD. If it didn't, or if you have lots of pre-WMP music files, you can
put your own copy of the cover art in the same directory as the tracks. Just
call it folder.jpg and Windows Media Player will pick it up and display it.
19. Windows key + Break brings up the System Properties dialogue box; Windows
key + D brings up the desktop; Windows key + Tab moves through the taskbar
20. The next release of Windows XP, codenamed Longhorn, is due out late next
year or early 2003 and won't be much to write home about. The next big release
is codenamed Blackcomb and will be out in 2003/2004.